ChatGPTと会話しました!(その21)英検1級エッセイ問題「2018年度 第1回」

soft powerという表現は知りませんでした。 “marginalized groups”の部分は弱い人たちが社会の隅に追いやられるという意味のようです。

英語塾:Hello Chat! Here is an english test which was carried out in Japan 2018. I would like you to make a sample answer for me. Please make your essay look being written by high school student in the USA. Also tell me how many words you used in your essay. Please make two essays. One is from the pros standpoint and the other is from the cons standpoint. Thanks in advance.


  1. Write an essay on the given TOPIC.
  2. Give THREE reasons to support your answer.
  3. Structure: introduction, main body, and conclusion
  4. Suggested length: 200 240 words
  5. Write your essay in the space provided on Side B of your answer sheet.
  6. Any writing outside the space will not be graded.
  7. TOPIC : Agree or disagree: Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics
    Essay 1 – Pro standpoint (218 words)


As a high school student in the USA, I believe that Japan will benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. This global event presents numerous opportunities for Japan to showcase its culture, boost its economy, and enhance its global reputation.

Main Body:
Firstly, hosting the Olympics will allow Japan to highlight its rich cultural heritage to the world. With millions of viewers from around the globe, Japan can showcase its traditional arts, cuisine, and customs. This will create awareness and appreciation for Japanese culture, attracting more tourists and fostering cultural exchange, which can further promote Japan’s tourism industry and economy.

Secondly, hosting the Olympics will have a positive impact on Japan’s economy. The construction of new sports facilities, hotels, and infrastructure will create job opportunities for the local workforce, boosting employment rates and stimulating economic growth. Additionally, the influx of international visitors during the Olympic period will lead to increased spending on accommodation, dining, shopping, and transportation, contributing to Japan’s overall economic growth.

Lastly, hosting the Olympics can enhance Japan’s global reputation. Successful execution of the event will demonstrate Japan’s organizational and technological capabilities on the world stage, enhancing its international image. This positive exposure can attract foreign investments, boost trade relations, and strengthen Japan’s soft power, leading to long-term benefits for the country.

In conclusion, hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics will bring several benefits to Japan, including the promotion of its culture, economic growth, and enhancement of its global reputation. With these advantages, Japan has a unique opportunity to make the most of hosting the Olympics.

Essay 2 – Con standpoint (226 words)

As a high school student in the USA, I hold the opinion that Japan may not benefit overall from hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics. While the event offers opportunities, there are potential drawbacks, including the huge costs, environmental impacts, and potential negative social consequences.

Main Body:
Firstly, hosting the Olympics involves enormous costs. Building and maintaining sports facilities, upgrading infrastructure, and ensuring security for the event require substantial investments. These costs can burden the Japanese taxpayers and divert resources from other critical areas, such as education and healthcare.

Secondly, hosting the Olympics can have negative environmental impacts. The construction and operation of Olympic facilities can lead to deforestation, habitat destruction, pollution, and increased carbon emissions. These environmental impacts may not align with Japan’s efforts to promote sustainability and combat climate change.

Lastly, hosting the Olympics can have potential negative social consequences. The influx of tourists and visitors may strain local resources and infrastructure, resulting in overcrowding, increased congestion, and disruption of local communities. There may also be social inequalities and displacement of marginalized groups, which can exacerbate existing social issues.

In conclusion, while hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics offers opportunities, there are potential drawbacks that Japan should carefully consider. The costs, environmental impacts, and potential negative social consequences may outweigh the benefits, and Japan should take a cautious approach in evaluating the overall impact of hosting such a large-scale event.

英語塾:What do you mean by “Japan’s soft power”?

ChatGPT:“Japan’s soft power” refers to the ability of Japan to influence others through attraction, persuasion, and cultural appeal, rather than through military or economic force. Soft power involves shaping positive perceptions and goodwill towards a country, which can be achieved through cultural, diplomatic, and other non-coercive means. In the context of hosting the Olympics, successful execution of the event can enhance Japan’s global reputation, promote its culture, and generate positive international perception, thereby increasing its soft power. This can, in turn, lead to long-term benefits for Japan, such as improved diplomatic relations, increased tourism, and favorable trade opportunities. Soft power is a concept coined by political scientist Joseph Nye and refers to a country’s ability to achieve its objectives through attraction rather than coercion.

英語塾:What an opposite word for soft power?

ChatGPT:The opposite of “soft power” is “hard power.” Hard power refers to the use of military force, economic sanctions, or other coercive measures to influence others and achieve one’s objectives. Hard power relies on strength, threat, or force, and often involves tangible and direct actions. In contrast, soft power relies on attraction, persuasion, and influence through non-coercive means such as culture, diplomacy, and values. While hard power is typically associated with military might and economic dominance, soft power emphasizes the power of ideas, values, and cultural appeal.

英語塾:What kind of people you refer to by “marginalized groups”?

ChatGPT:By “marginalized groups,” I am referring to segments of the population that may be socially, economically, or politically disadvantaged and face discrimination or exclusion in society. Marginalized groups can include but are not limited to racial or ethnic minorities, individuals with disabilities, LGBTQ+ individuals, immigrants, refugees, indigenous peoples, and other vulnerable or disadvantaged communities. These groups may face systemic barriers and discrimination that limit their access to resources, opportunities, and social participation. When discussing the potential negative social consequences of hosting a large-scale event like the Olympics, it is important to consider the potential impact on marginalized groups, such as the potential for displacement, unequal treatment, or exacerbation of existing social inequalities. It is important to ensure that the rights and well-being of marginalized groups are taken into consideration in any event planning or decision-making process.

英語塾:Thank you again.

ChatGPT:You’re welcome! If you have any other questions or need further assistance, feel free to ask. I’m here to help!