ごく少数の選ばれた人たち、”a select few”という表現が出てきます。
英語塾：Hello Chat! Here is an English test that was conducted in Japan. I would like you to provide sample answers for me. Please create two essays, one from a pro standpoint and the other from a con standpoint. Use vocabulary and knowledge appropriate for an ordinary high school student in the USA. Additionally, please indicate the word count for each essay. Thank you in advance.
- Write an essay on the given TOPIC.
- Give THREE reasons to support your answer.
- Structure: introduction, main body, and conclusion
- Suggested length: 200 240 words
- Write your essay in the space provided on Side B of your answer sheet.
- Any writing outside the space will not be graded.
- TOPIC : Is space exploration worth the cost?
Essay 1: Pro Standpoint (Word Count: 228)
Space exploration, with all its endeavors and discoveries, has sparked a profound debate about its worthiness in terms of cost. In my opinion, space exploration is undeniably worth the cost due to its scientific advancements, economic benefits, and potential for future human colonization.
Firstly, space exploration leads to remarkable scientific advancements. Through exploring outer space, scientists have gained invaluable knowledge about the universe and our place within it. For instance, the Hubble Space Telescope has provided us with breathtaking images of distant galaxies and helped unravel the mysteries of black holes. These scientific breakthroughs not only expand our understanding of the cosmos but also have practical applications on Earth, such as improving weather forecasting and enhancing telecommunications.
Secondly, space exploration brings significant economic benefits. The development of space technologies stimulates job creation and drives innovation. It fosters the growth of industries related to spacecraft manufacturing, satellite communication, and space tourism. These industries not only generate revenue but also push technological boundaries, spurring inventions and advancements that have spin-off benefits for various sectors of the economy.
Lastly, space exploration holds the potential for future human colonization. As our population continues to grow, space may provide a viable solution to alleviate the strain on Earth’s resources. Establishing colonies on other celestial bodies, such as the Moon or Mars, could offer new frontiers for humanity. This expansion into space would not only ensure the long-term survival of our species but also encourage further exploration and scientific discoveries.
In conclusion, despite the costs involved, space exploration is unquestionably worthwhile. Its scientific advancements, economic benefits, and potential for future human colonization make it a venture that holds immense value. As we continue to explore the cosmos, we not only broaden our horizons but also pave the way for a brighter future for humanity.
Essay 2: Con Standpoint (Word Count: 226)
The cost of space exploration has ignited a contentious debate regarding its worthiness. While some argue that space exploration is valuable, I believe that the enormous costs involved outweigh the benefits. This essay will delve into three reasons supporting the view that space exploration is not worth the expense.
Firstly, the vast amount of money allocated to space exploration could be better utilized on pressing issues here on Earth. There are numerous challenges facing our planet, such as poverty, hunger, and climate change, that demand immediate attention and resources. Instead of investing billions of dollars into space missions, governments should prioritize addressing these urgent problems and improving the lives of people on Earth.
Secondly, the risks associated with space exploration cannot be ignored. Space missions are fraught with hazards, and the loss of human lives is a tragic reality. The Challenger and Columbia disasters serve as somber reminders of the dangers involved in space exploration. The tremendous costs incurred should be weighed against the human toll, especially when those resources could be allocated to fields that have a more direct impact on human well-being.
Lastly, the benefits of space exploration often fail to reach the general public. While space agencies and private companies invest significant resources in exploring space, the direct impact on the everyday lives of ordinary citizens is limited. The advancements made in space technology and research are often confined to a select few, while the majority of people struggle with more immediate concerns and issues.
In conclusion, the substantial costs associated with space exploration overshadow its benefits. The allocation of such vast amounts of money could be better directed towards pressing problems on Earth. Moreover, the inherent risks and the limited reach of space exploration’s benefits raise questions about its true worth. It is crucial to focus our resources on matters that have a more immediate and tangible impact on the well-being of humanity.
英語塾：Thank you. You said ‘a select few’. Shouldn’t it be ‘a selected few’?
ChatGPT：No, the phrase “a select few” is grammatically correct and commonly used in English. It means a small number of people or things that have been carefully chosen or distinguished from the rest. In this context, it refers to a limited group of individuals who benefit directly from the advancements in space exploration, while the majority may not experience the same level of direct impact. The phrase “a selected few” is less common and can be considered less idiomatic in this context.