英語塾：Hello Chat! Here is an English test that was conducted in Japan in May, 2019. I would like you to provide sample answers for me. Please create two essays, one from a pro standpoint and the other from a con standpoint. Use vocabulary and knowledge appropriate for an ordinary high school student in the USA. Additionally, please indicate the word count for each essay. Thank you in advance.
- Write an essay on the given TOPIC.
- Give THREE reasons to support your answer.
- Structure: introduction, main body, and conclusion
- Suggested length: 200 240 words
- Write your essay in the space provided on Side B of your answer sheet.
- Any writing outside the space will not be graded.
- TOPIC : Agree or disagree: Infectious diseases will become a bigger problem in the coming decades?
Essay 1 (Pro standpoint) – Word Count: 217
Infectious diseases have been a significant concern throughout history, and it is my belief that they will become an even bigger problem in the coming decades. This essay will provide three reasons to support this viewpoint.
Firstly, globalization has facilitated the rapid spread of infectious diseases. With increased international travel and interconnectedness, diseases can easily cross borders and reach distant regions in a matter of hours. For instance, the recent outbreak of the Zika virus quickly spread to various countries, causing global panic. This interconnectedness will continue to intensify, making it easier for infectious diseases to spread and become a larger problem.
Secondly, the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria poses a major challenge. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics have contributed to the development of these superbugs, rendering traditional treatments ineffective. The World Health Organization has already issued warnings about the rise of antibiotic resistance, and if this trend continues, it will undoubtedly lead to more severe and untreatable infectious diseases in the future.
Lastly, climate change can exacerbate the spread of infectious diseases. Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns create favorable conditions for disease-carrying vectors like mosquitoes and ticks. As these vectors expand their territories, diseases such as malaria and Lyme disease may become more prevalent in regions where they were previously uncommon. Climate change presents a serious threat to public health and can contribute to the increase in infectious diseases.
In conclusion, due to factors such as globalization, antibiotic resistance, and climate change, it is highly likely that infectious diseases will become a more significant problem in the coming decades. To address this challenge, it is crucial for governments, organizations, and individuals to prioritize public health and take proactive measures to prevent and control the spread of these diseases.
Essay 2 (Con standpoint) – Word Count: 234
While infectious diseases have always been a concern, I disagree with the notion that they will become a bigger problem in the coming decades. This essay will outline three reasons to support my stance.
Firstly, advancements in medical research and technology offer promising solutions to combat infectious diseases. Scientists are constantly making breakthroughs in the development of new vaccines, diagnostic tools, and treatments. Diseases that were once deadly or incurable, like polio and smallpox, have been effectively controlled or eradicated. With ongoing efforts in research and healthcare, it is reasonable to believe that the future will bring even more effective tools to prevent and treat infectious diseases.
Secondly, increased awareness and education about hygiene practices can significantly reduce the spread of diseases. Proper handwashing, vaccination campaigns, and public health initiatives have proven to be effective in preventing the transmission of infectious diseases. As people become more informed and adopt healthier habits, the overall impact of infectious diseases can be minimized.
Lastly, the global health infrastructure has improved over the years. International organizations, such as the World Health Organization, work collaboratively with governments to monitor and respond to outbreaks. Early detection systems, efficient healthcare delivery, and emergency response protocols have been established to mitigate the impact of infectious diseases. This collective effort ensures a more coordinated and effective response to disease outbreaks.
In conclusion, due to advancements in medical research, increased awareness of hygiene practices, and the improved global health infrastructure, it is unlikely that infectious diseases will become a bigger problem in the coming decades. While challenges may still arise, proactive measures and ongoing scientific progress give us reason to be optimistic about our ability to prevent and control infectious diseases in the future.
英語塾：What does ‘interconnectedness’ mean?
ChatGPT：“Interconnectedness” refers to the state or quality of being connected or interrelated. It signifies the degree to which different things, people, or systems are linked or intertwined with one another. In the context of the essay, “interconnectedness” refers to the increasing level of connection and interdependence between countries, regions, and individuals due to factors such as globalization, technological advancements, and international travel. It suggests that events, ideas, and, in this case, infectious diseases can easily and quickly spread across boundaries and affect various parts of the world due to the interconnected nature of our modern society.